Cardio + Resistance = Your Best Bet For Bone Health
Your bones benefit from two types of exercise: cardio designed for your heart, and resistance training to build lean muscle.
Some of us have been huddled on the couch through this winter’s subzero days. But as temperatures are inching up under the spring sunshine, it’s a great time to revitalize our exercise routine for the warmer seasons ahead.
Our best exercise bet to maintain strong healthy bones is a cross-training program that combines cardiovascular exercise with resistance training. We define each type of exercise and suggest a healthy weekly balance of both types of exercise that will keep bones in fine shape.
These exercises get their name from their ability to reduce risk of heart and vascular disease. The impact of weight-bearing cardio also helps maintain bone density. Whenever you run, walk, swim, or bike for at least 10 minutes to raise your heart rate, you are engaging in exercise that is good for your heart and for your bones.
These exercises focus on building lean muscle mass, reducing body fat along the way. Muscle mass contributes to joint stability and strength, and improves our balance and coordination. Better muscle condition and a healthy weight also lower the risk of hypertension and certain cancers linked to excess weight—while doing our heart good. Lifting weights, using resistance bands, and working out with the weight machines at the gym are all ways to incorporate resistance training into your routine.
Best Weekly Balance of Cardio and Resistance Exercise
The American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association agree: 150 minutes of cardiovascular per week is recommended. Thirty minutes of cardio five days a week is ideal, but you can also get your cardio in with sessions of no less than 10 minutes, and preferably no more than 60 minutes at a stretch. Especially if you are starting a new exercise routine, it’s better to start gradually, and slowly build up to your maximum weekly goals.
In addition, plan two to three sessions of resistance training into your week—or, if you are starting a new exercise routine, plan to build up to this goal gradually. During each session, work your chest, back and leg muscles first, then your shoulders, biceps, and triceps. Start with 4 to 10 reps to build your muscles, and slowly work up to 15 to 20 reps as you build your strength and endurance. Every 2 to 3 months, swap out your exercises for new ones, to build muscle resilience and reduce risk of injury.
With planning, patience, and commitment to your routine, you’ll be looking and feeling great by the time summer arrives.
Summit + The Power House helps you meet your fitness goals
Summit Orthopedics partners with performance experts from The Power House to bring comprehensive, highly-tailored fitness services to you. Whether you are a first-timer in the gym or a competitive athlete, our coaches and trainers have all the tools, resources, and expertise to create programs that fit your needs and help you achieve your performance goals. Everyone is welcome, you don’t need to be a patient of Summit to take advantage of these offerings.
Start your journey towards your health and fitness goals today. Schedule a free consultation at the HealthEast Sports Center location online, or call (651) 968-5766. Find the group fitness class that works with your schedule. Visit The Power House Facebook page to learn all about the events we offer to safely promote good health throughout your life.
More resources for you
“How-to” Video Series
Summit Orthopedics physical therapist Kyle Hall, DPT, physical therapy site lead for Summit’s Vadnais Heights location, discusses the relationship between core strength and overall orthopedic health.
Summit Orthopedics physical therapist Kyle Hall, DPT, physical therapy site lead for Summit’s Vadnais Heights location, shares some easy ways to improve your balance.