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Hamstring Injuries

What are the hamstring muscles?

The hamstring group of muscles consists of three muscles that run from the bottom of the pelvis bone (ischium) to the shinbone (tibia). They help you walk, extend the hip, and flex the knee.

What are the risk factors for hamstring injuries?

Possible risk factors for hamstring injuries include:

People who participate in certain sports, including skiing, dancing, weight lifting, and football, may be at risk of hamstring injuries.

How do hamstring injuries happen?

Hamstring injuries can occur:

Most commonly, injuries occur in the middle where the muscle fibers join the tendon. The most severe injuries can occur when the tendon tears away from the pelvic bone.

What are the symptoms of a hamstring injury?

Symptoms of a hamstring injury include:

How are hamstring injuries diagnosed?

To diagnose a hamstring injury, your doctor will check your thigh for bruising and injuries that may occur to the hip or knee as well as assess strength and motion. Your doctor may also order an X-ray of the pelvis to ensure that there are no fractures or tears of the hamstrings.

How are hamstring injuries treated nonsurgically?

The majority of hamstring injuries can be treated without surgery. Nonsurgical treatment options include:

What are the surgical treatment options for hamstring injuries?

For tears from the pelvic bone, treatment depends on the severity of the injury. As a general rule of thumb, if there is injury to two or more of the tendons that pull away from the bone, surgical reattachment may be considered: