Sacroiliac Joint Dysfunction

What is sacroiliac joint dysfunction?

The sacroiliac (SI) joint is the joint formed by the sacral region of the spine and the pelvis (ilium).  It is a strong, stable joint that connects the spine and upper body to the lower extremity. SI joint dysfunction is often caused by either excessive or restrictive motion in the joint.

How do you diagnose sacroiliac joint dysfunction?

Diagnosing SI joint dysfunction includes a review of your health history, a physical examination, and possible imaging, such as x-rays or MRI.  In some cases, injections are used for diagnostic purposes to identify the joint as a specific source of pain.

How is sacroiliac joint dysfunction treated?

Treatment for SI dysfunction is usually conservative, consisting of pain medication, heat and cold application, and joint mobilizations by a physician or chiropractor.  Physical therapy is often helpful in restoring motion and improving muscular support around the joint.

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